Tag Archives: genre

1020 Session Eight Analyze This! 9-25-14

On Tap Tonight:


The Analysis Essay Outline

 

https://i1.wp.com/www.openschool.bc.ca/courses/families10-12/fsp/images/essay_struct.jpg

I. Introduction with a strong thesis –

Your Introduction needs to have H.E.A.T

  • Hook-capture the reader’s attention
  • Exigence-create a need/desire to continue reading
  • Anticipation-provide a peek at what is to come in the body
  • Thesis – Project Two is largely driven by its thesis. Having a strong thesis statement (such as one that uses the “skeletal structure” we’ve covered in class) will  make it easier for you as a writer to keep your argument organized and for your readers to follow your argument’s structure.

A “skeletal structure” for the thesis will likely be some variation on the following:

 A = Author(s)

W = Work being analyzed

T = Thesis of that work

X, Y, Z, Q(etc.) = particular strategies used by Author(s) to support their thesis  and/or questions and problems that arise

Any variation of this formula will work.

eg.  “In W, A argues T through X, Y, Z” or “Through the use of  X, Y, Z, A argues T in W.“

Likewise, if you choose to analyze a genre from a specific discourse community, you may find that your thesis statement contains the following elements:

https://i0.wp.com/images.cjcarterdesigns.com/projects/skeleton1-jumbo.jpgG = Genre being analyzed

DC = Discourse community it is primarily found in

P =  Purpose the genre serves

X, Y, Z, Q(etc) = Specific features of the genre that serve the DC and/or questions or problems that arise

e.g. “The G helps DC by providing X, Y, Z in the pursuit of P.” or, “In order to P the DC uses G which features X, Y, Z.”

Building Blocks for Support Paragraphs: TED revisited.

You need basically three items in each support paragraph.

1. A transition that also serves as a topic sentence to open the paragraph. An easy way to segue into your new paragraph is to introduce the technique under review in relation the previous one. For instance, you might write:

  • (If the previous paragraph was on technique X, and the new one you are starting is on technique Y): “In addition to X, A spends considerable time relating Y.”
  • Or you might write something that weights the technique under review in comparison to others: “However, A’s strongest examples come by way of Y.”
  • Here’s one from the film reviewers analysis from The Wayne Writer: “Both authors discuss the plot, but write about it differently” (303).

2. You need sentences that provide examples of the technique under review in the paragraph. Effective use of quotations from, or paraphrases of, the text being analyzed will be valuable in this section.

3. Finally, you need to relate the examples back to the thesis of the text being analyzed. Doing so reminds the reader of the central argument of the text and how the technique you’re covering in this paragraph is, as you have stated, important to the forwarding of this argument. These types of sentences can conclude your paragraph or the can be woven into the paragraph.

Here’s the “examples” section of the paragraph from the film reviewers analysis from The Wayne Writer, with sentences that relate to the thesis in bold:

  • Geist felt that the movie was “a constantly surprising comedy which chronicles the thirty-year relationship of a mother and daughter and their wayward men.” He uses difficult vocabulary intended for the well-educated reader. For example, Geist writes, “Alone and fearful of reaching fifty, Aurora surrenders to her bibulous and lecherous neighbor, Garret, a former astronaut, whom she had previously disdained as uncouth.” When discussing the story, Geist gave away too much to the reader. He stated that Emma became infected with cancer and eventually died. When Schickel explained the same part in the story, he did not completely give the story away. Instead of saying that Emma has cancer he refers to it as “Emma’s illness.” He never states that she dies.

All of these “concluding” sentences illustrate the different writing styles of the two film reviewers as stated in the essay writer’s thesis. They may also work to show how the example described in the sentence that preceded it were effective and/or how it forwards the central argument of the work being analyzed.

Check your support paragraph with the following criteria for evaluation:

  • How effectively does the first (“topic”) sentence of the paragraph set up the rest of the paragraph?
  • Are appropriate/effective examples drawn from the text? Do these examples fit into one of the categories/techniques identifed in the thesis?
  • Does the paragraph as a whole fit together cohesively?

A sample outline for the written part of Project Two could look something like this:

  1. Introduction and background info (1-2 paragraphs)
    1. Hook–make the reader want to read! Start with something exciting about the piece you will be analyzing;
    2. Exigence–explain why the reader should care about your analysis by explaining background info about your selected work and discuss what is at stake;
    3. Anticipation–provide some hint of what is  in store for the reader by explaining what you are analyzing; often this is performed in conjunction with…
    4. THESIS — should be along the lines of how the specific rhetorical strategies and/or elements of the work affect its audience
  2. Body Paragraphs (as many as you need) should all have:
    1. Topic Sentence (also works as a transition)
    2. Claim
    3. Evidence
    4. Analysis
    5. Always refers back to the THESIS
  3. Conclusion
    1. Revisit your thesis in some manner.  DO NOT CUT AND PASTE it from your introduction.  Show how your analysis prove (or disprove) how rhetorical elements of the work produce the effects you claim.
    2. Wrap things up.

Use this analysis checklist to make sure you have all the essential elements.


Homework: Write analysis essay. Create multimedia project.

Bring two printed copies of your analysis (without personal reflection) to class on Tuesday for peer review. Essay to be uploaded to SafeAssign via Blackboard by 11:59 pm on Wednesday 10/1/14.

Presentation to be finalized before class on Thursday, 10/2/14. Place it or a link to it on your blog.

Read: Macrorie I-Search Ch 6  AND Postman and Weingartner

 

1020 Session Seven: Collaboration 9-18-14

Today’s Agenda:


Project Two

This project is two-fold.  You will work with one or two partners on an analysis of a piece of discourse you find rhetorically interesting.  Your analysis needs to be:

  1. written and each partner will submit to SafeAssign; and
  2. made into a presentation.

The written portion, in turn, will have two components:

  1. The collaboratively written analysis.
  2. Your personal reflection on the act of creating the presentation and working with a partner(s).

The presentation  needs to be multimedia and delivered to the class. It should last 5-10 minutes.  Ideally, your analysis should be delivered orally (you can use the written analysis as a script) enhanced and accompanied by multimedia.

https://i1.wp.com/www.quickmeme.com/img/ef/eff7bea2bfbbd848cdb5851dbe54e70f2839be387ace236010628c6ddf04aae6.jpg


 Two Issues about Project Two:

  1. How are you going to work on it?

  2. What are you going to work on?

Three primary models of collaboration are:

  • The Round Table

https://stablerenglish.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/f6371-37109chb-37110chb-37111chb-38247-instl.jpg?w=274&h=206Pros: Quick sharing of ideas among team members; Real time debate of pros and cons of project.

Cons: Difficult to schedule time to meet; Difficult to control input if there is only one keyboard operator; Can produce conflict that impedes production.

Most effective for brainstorming, task scheduling and progress reporting.

  • Divide-and-Conquer

https://i1.wp.com/www.hermanmiller.com/content/dam/hermanmiller/page_assets/why_digital/articles/modes_of_work/WHY_ModesOfWork_08.jpg

Pros: Assigned task can be completed in the least amount of time.

Cons: Minimal collaboration; Difficult to recover if a task is not completed by a team member; Inconsistencies in tone and style; Replications or gaps in final product

Most effective for small, specific tasks that are part of a larger project.

  • Layered Approach

https://i1.wp.com/www.policyexchange.org.uk/cache/com_zoo/images/competition%20meets%20collaboration%20static%20showcase_eb2a84690e40d7f80b7ee5b6a3c895f8.jpg

Pros: Each member has multiple opportunities to provide input, critique, and revise; More motivation due to ownership of the project; Similar to professional workplace collaboration

Cons: Different roles may create inequalities; Requires thoughtful and careful planning.

Most effective for drafting and revising tasks.

Topics for Project Two

Between you and your partner(s), if you have completed all the homework due up to this point in the semester, have already looked at numerous pieces of discourse. These include:

  • Blogs and “About Me” pages
  • Comparing two websites after reading ch. 2 of WW
  • A sample from your courses (which you were asked to bring in tonight)

In other words, you’ve already been exposed to a variety of genre and samples of discourse.  Your first task, tonight, is to find a partner or two with whom you wish to work and compare your genre analysis notes about the samples of discourse you brought with you.

You may write an analysis on anything you have already encountered in classwork or any new piece of discourse including advertisements, television networks or shows, documentaries, music videos, textbooks or other non-fiction. Choose wisely.  Use the following Venn diagram as a guide:

https://i1.wp.com/sixminutes.dlugan.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/venn-select-speech-topics.jpg

Whatever you decide to write on, keep your analysis grounded in the rhetorical situation.

Thesis statements for Project Two

Thesis statements for rhetorical analyses are a bit tricky. The central argument of the piece you are analyzing is its thesis. Your thesis, however, will be an argument about how that that thesis is made and supported.

A “skeletal structure” for the thesis will likely be some variation on the following:

 

A = Author(s)

W = Work being analyzed

T = Thesis of that work

X, Y, Z, Q(etc.) = particular strategies used by Author(s) to support their thesis  and/or questions and problems that arise

Any variation of this formula will work.

eg.  “In W, A argues T through X, Y, Z” or “Through the use of  X, Y, Z, A argues T in W.

Likewise, if you choose to analyze a genre from a specific discourse community, you may find that your thesis statement contains the following elements:

https://i0.wp.com/images.cjcarterdesigns.com/projects/skeleton1-jumbo.jpgG = Genre being analyzed

DC = Discourse community it is primarily found in

P =  Purpose the genre serves

X, Y, Z, Q(etc) = Specific features of the genre that serve the DC and/or questions or problems that arise

e.g. “The G helps DC by providing X, Y, Z in the pursuit of P.” or, “In order to P the DC uses G which features X, Y, Z.”


Homework:

Read:

Handout on an analysis of Comic images.

Weasel Words essay

Wayne Writer

“Analysis” and “Analyzing Media” from the “Introduction” to . pp. li-lxv.

Ch. 9 pp. 299-311 and and 337-355

Write:

Post on your blog a short response (@300 words) to “Writing Activity 9.9” on p. 351-2 of WW

1020 Session Six: Genre and Rhetoric 9/16/14

On Tap Today:

  • About your “About” pages and grading.
  • Tying up loose ends

Post Project Reflection:

We’ll start class today with a reflection about your reading and writing practices. Think through and write about the following ideas on your blog or in your notebook (you can work through them in whatever order makes sense to you):

  • What do I read on a regular basis? Include reading for school and pleasure.
  • What do I like to read?
  • Where do I read best?
  • Where or when is reading hard for me?
  • What is something new I have learned about reading since starting this semester (in any of my classes)?
    • Why was reading this information or reading this way important to me/to my learning?
  • What is something new I have learned about writing since starting this semester (in any of my classes)?
    • How will this information impact me or my learning?

graded document

graded document 1

 

Let’s connect all the dots between Gee, Swales, and the Wayne Writer.

https://i1.wp.com/corebix.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Connecting-SharePoint-Dots.jpg

And take a more in-depth look at genre.

https://i1.wp.com/www.norris160.org/sites/default/files/page_images/3/eng-1020_0.jpg

Finally (time permitting), let’s take a closer look at the concept of the rhetorical situation.

Homework:

Read in WW and ch 7 pp216-229 AND ch. 8 pp. 253-266 and 283-296.

Write: Writing Project 8.4 on p. 295.  You will be using the information in Box 7.1 on p. 229 to analyze an academic genre from one of your classes.  This may be a textbook, an assignment sheet, or a website.  Bullet points are fine.  Handwrite or print out to bring to class on Thursday along with the item you are analyzing. We will work in small groups to compare analyses and prepare a final analysis.

1020 Session Five: Project One Review 9/11/14

On Tap Today:

What should your About Me page look like? Let’s take a look at mine.

Common Student Problems with Project One (and common strategies to avoid them):

The Procrastination Situation:
  • You decide to wait until Sunday morning to familiarize yourself with WordPress’ markup language and editing procedures, only to discover that they are a bit more complicate than you anticipated and are thus forced to watch, teary-eyed, as the midnight deadline rolls past you like a giant boulder crushing your dreams of academic success.
    • Pro-tip: Play with WordPress. You should have already created two posts, a response to Gee and a blog evaluation.
The Transition and Punctuation Situation:
  • You compile your facts and evidence about your life from various class activities and blog posts. Confidently, you decide at 11:34pm on Sunday to simply cut-and-paste all of that together only to proofread and discover that it is a bunch of gobbledygook that makes no sense on paragraph or sentence levels.
    • Pro-tip: Perform common editing/spell check functions in a word processor you are familiar with then export to WordPress.
The Illustration Situation:

Peer Review

In our classroom discourse, one of the key practices is peer response, or the reading of and responding to each other’s written work in order to help each other improve.

Here are some key principles to keep in mind while you work through this task:

  • Talk to each other about what you hope to get feedback on.
  • Read your groupmates’ texts (maybe even more than once!).
  • Devote time and attention to the task of giving feedback.
  • Write comments neatly and legibly. Above all else, be respectful of each other.

We will work in groups of three to five people. Pass your paper to a teammate.

  •   As the first reader, I want you to comment, in writing, on the opening line and introduction.
    1. What is your reaction to the opening? What is the tone and style? Is it appropriate for the genre of “About Me” pages?
    2. Does the opening sentence lead well into an expanded narrative/autobiographical sketch of the  blogger?
    3. Comment on what is not working in the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    4. Comment on what is working well in the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
  • Pass the papers around again. As the second reader, first comment to #1 above.  Mostly, though, I want you to identify a passage that describes the blogger’s primary Discourse.
    1. Is there an appropriate transition into this section?
    2. Comment on what is not working in that section of the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    3. Comment on what is working well in the that section of the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
  • Pass the papers around again (skipping the writer if necessary) .  As the third reader, comment to #1 above.  Mostly, though, I want you to identify a passage that describes the blogger’s secondary Discourse.
    1. Is there an appropriate transition into this section?
    2. Comment on what is not working in that section of the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    3. Comment on what is working well in the that section of the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
  • Pass the papers around again (skipping the writer if necessary) .  As the fourth reader, comment to #1 above.  Mostly, though, I want you to identify a passage that describes the blogger’s writing experience.
    1. Is there an appropriate transition into this section?
    2. Comment on what is not working in that section of the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    3. Comment on what is working well in the that section of the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
    4. Does the blogger come to an adequate conclusion?
  • Hand the paper back to the writer, smile, and pay them a nice compliment about their shoes, hair or whatever.

https://i2.wp.com/jerryrushing.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/deadline.jpg

Homework:

Project One is due by 11:59pm Sunday, 9/14/14.  Update your “About Me” page on your WordPress site and upload a copy to SafeAssign via Blackboard.

Reading: Read Wayne Writer Ch. 2 and the Project Two page.

Writing due before class on Tuesday 9/16: Post 3: Follow directions for Writing Activities 2.1 and 2.5 in The Wayne Writer, Ch. 2. Post your response on your blog under an appropriate title

1020 Session Four: Scenes, Situations, Genres

Today’s Agenda:

  • Gee’s Discourses
  • Swales’ discourse communities
  • Scenes, situations, genres
Gee Recap

Three key terms popped up in enough blog questions that I feel it’s worth spending a little time with them before moving on in case the definitions impact your application of Gee’s concepts to the Project One.

Dominant and non-dominant Discourse:

Gee writes that dominant Discourses are those that, when we have them, bring us economic or social advancement, and that non-dominant Discourses are those that “bring solidarity with a particular social network” but not status or goods. For me, a dominant Discourse would be the field of composition instructors: my knowledge of this Discourse (and my ability to use it) gives me professional status, access to a job, etc. A non-dominant Discourse for me would be my Doctor Who fandom. I watch the show, talk about the show, know the history of the show, post on Facebook and Twitter about the show sometimes, etc. While fun, this does nothing for me in terms of my social status or acquisition of goods.

Metaknowledge:

While Gee says that Discourse cannot be taught (as in, delivered as content knowledge from teacher to student), what teachers can help students do is develop metaknowledge–or a conscious awareness of what you are doing when you are trying to adapt to a new Discourse.  This relates to  your ability to relate new information to prior knowledge and to adapt that prior knowledge. In our course, we will use our writing about writing (sometimes in projects, sometimes in reflections) and our class discussions to help develop this metaknowledge.

Mushfake:

Gee argues that one is either fully in a Discourse or he/she does not have that Discourse, BUT that one might “fake it til they make it” to get through the Discourse practices they need in a situation. He writes, “”Mushfake Discourse” means partial acquisition coupled with metaknowledge and strategies to “make do.” Gee suggests that students can be taught to “mushfake” as a strategy of dealing with partial acquisition leading to full acquisition. (This will tie into discussions of Swales’ expert/novice continuum).

John Swales, “Concept of Discourse Community”

Swales identifies  six characteristics common to every Discourse Community (DC).

You may also visually represent your place within a DC by creating a Discourse Community Map.

So what’s all this talk about Scenes, Situations, and Genres?

Homework:

Finish the Discourse Community Map.

Read Lessner and Craig’s article “Finding Your Way-In” for brainstorming and drafting techniques

Bring two  printed copies of your Project One rough draft to class on Thursday, 9/11.

 

 

1020 Session Three: Discourses and Genre

Today’s Agenda:

  • Responses to Gee. What is a primary Discourse? A secondary Discourse? How relevant are they to your college writing experiences?
  • Project One
  • Project Two
  • Rhetorical Situation and Genre

Make a list of all the different Discourses, or scenes, that you participate in and outside of college.  With one or two partners, discuss your lists and see where they overlap.  Answer the following questions together:

  • Who are the participants?
  • How are participants expected to behave and interact with each other?
  • What mode and style of communication is used?
  • What specific topics are of interest?

Today we’re going to look at personal blogs as one genre that is used in certain discourse communities to communicate individuals’ ideas about topics. In particular, in preparation for Project One, we are going to look at the about me or about pages on these blogs to see what they look like (what textual features they have) and what they are meant to do (what the social function is). Thinking about how the design of the text connects to the purpose of the text will help you think about how you want to put Project One together, but also about how genre, purpose, audience, writer, and context all work together as part of the rhetorical situation.

So as we look at these blog examples today, we’ll talk about

-What does the text look like?

-What impact does that design have on the purpose and audience?

The features we catalogue in these pages may be things you’ll want to incorporate into your own about me pages in Project One.

“About Me” example 1

“About Me” example 2

“About Me” example 3

“About Me” example 4

 

Homework:

Read:

  • Wayne Writer chapter 1, “Understanding Scenes of Writing” 3-25, 41-45
  • The Concept of Discourse Community” by John  Swales
  • Using this list, or Google, find a blog related to your major, career path, or personal interest.  Read a post or two to get a feel for the blog and blogger(s). Post the URL of your chosen blog on your wordpress site.

Write:

  • Begin drafting your “About Me” page.
  • Post Two: Blog Analysis

    • Write an evaluation (@ 300-500 words) describing the blog you found above by 11:59 pm, Wed. 9/10/14
    • Discuss:
      • Blogger and hosting site
      • Readers and their characteristics
      • What the blogger(s) want their readers to do
      • The ways the blogger(s) influence readers’ attitudes and actions
      • How well these objectives were met (or not).
      • Post this to your wordpress or other blog by 11:59 pm, Wed. 9/10/14
  • Project One is due by 11:59 pm Sunday, September 14, 2014
  • Project Two is due by 11:59 Sunday, September 28, 2014