1020 Session Nine: Project Two Review and Intro to I-Search 9-30-14

On Tap:


 Integration of Quotes:

It is important to make a smooth transition from your own words to those of another source. Never simply drop a quotation into a paragraph. A quotation can never stand in a sentence by itself without an introduction.

 For example:
Incorrect: T.S. Eliot, in his “Talent and the Individual,” uses gender-specific language. “No poet, no artist of any art, has his complete meaning alone. His significance, his appreciation is the appreciation of his relation to the dead poets and artists” (Eliot 29).

In this example, the reader is not prepared for the quote and will become confused as a result.

To avoid dropping quotes in, use signal phrases. These are phrases which precede the quotation. They may include the author’s name and a verb (argues, compares, suggests, demonstrates, points out, etc.). An example is the following:

Correct: T.S. Eliot, in his “Talent and the Individual,” uses gender-specific language. He argues, for instance, that “no poet, no artist of any art, has his complete meaning alone. His significance, his appreciation is the appreciation of his relation to the dead poets and artists” (Eliot 29).

The above example will be easier for the reader to understand as you are making it clear that the quotation is coming from that specific source.

It may not always be necessary to use an entire passage to prove your point. To use only a phrase you must weave the quote into your own sentence.

Correct: I find it striking that though “women novelists have probably dominated American literature since the middle of the nineteenth century,” our literary tradition is still incredibly gender specific (Schweickart 201).

Paraphrasing:

In some cases one can avoid direct quotation by paraphrasing the quote–that is, by restating what the author says in one’s own words (not looking at the quote when you are paraphrasing may help with this). To avoid plagiarism, you must be sure to (a) use your own words whenever you don’t use quotation marks or block a quote and (b) cite your sources, especially if the ideas or information you are paraphrasing are not common knowledge, are specific to that author, or include specific numbers or other very specific information. When in doubt, cite the source.

Always cite the source of the paraphrased material. Just because it is in your own words does not make it your intellectual property. To not cite would be plagiarism.

An example:

 Correct:: The author points out that women have had a strong voice in literature since the middle of the nineteenth century. As a result, it is striking that our literary tradition is still so gender specific (Schweickart 209).

 

After Peer Review (and if you survive it), Look over your work.  If you do not understand someone’s comments ask for clarification.  If a reviewer only leaves vague or short comments, ask for elaboration.

On to the Review!

Rough Draft Questions

As you critique your peer’s paper, please comment on any sentence-level and grammatical errors you detect, as well as any other advice you may have, but please also answer the following questions:

1. Does the paper have a clear thesis that relates to the “skeletal structure” we’ve discussed? I.e., does it both identify the central argument(s) of the work it is analyzing and identify the trope and techniques the author/director/creator uses to make their point(s)? Underline the thesis, comment what your group likes about it, and make a suggestion for improvement

2. Does the paper have a clear exigence and purpose? Identify the exigence with a squiggly line.  Comment on how effective the writers are in explaining whether the work they are analyzing is important or interesting and/or the importance of analyzing this piece of work.  Do you agree with them?

3. Does the project contain ample support statements/support paragraphs that refer to and back up the thesis?  Identify at least one sentence in each body paragraph that refers to and supports the thesis.  Write a comment on how effective (or not) the writers marshal evidence to support claims and, ultimately, their thesis

4. Does the author make appropriate references to particular moments in the text  or film(quotations, paraphrases, etc.)? Are there enough (or too many) references to both back up the thesis and allow a reader to follow the argument being made?

5. Does the paper quote directly from the source when needed?  Are the quotes integrated well into the essay? Are quotes and paraphrases cited properly?  Do the writers quote other material besides the one being analyzed?

6. Does the project read like an analysis rather than a review? I.e., does show a clear attention to the structure and technique of the piece rather than simply summarizing it and explaining its strengths and weaknesses?

7. What is the strongest part of the paper (most interesting, most powerfully argued, etc.)?

8. What is the weakest part of the paper (or the part that needs to be improved, further developed or extended)?

9. What grade would you give the paper if it was a final draft?


“There is no learning without a learner. And there is no meaning without a meaning maker. In order to survive in a world of rapid change there is nothing more worth knowing, for any of us, than the continuing process of how to make viable meanings” (Postman and Weingartner, 11).

Brainstorm Session for I-Search

http://appszoomteam.files.wordpress.com/2014/07/brainstorming-sessions.jpg

In class reflection:

Take 10-12 minutes to freewrite. Think of a time when you had to make a decision or learn something new.  How did you do it? Who helped you? What did you know about the topic beforehand? How did you gather new information? How did you determine what information was worth learning or knowing?

Questions:

On a separate sheet, with your name on it, write down a topic you would like to know more about.  Also write a question or two (or three) that you have about that topic.  Use the journalist’s questions: Who, What, Where, When, Why, How. You may also wish to consult Postman and Weingartner.

Pass the paper.

On your classmates paper, write down your reaction to their topic and/or questions.  This may be further questions you may have, suggestions on how to find answers, and/or comments.  Also take note of the name of any classmates that suggest a topic similar to yours or that you may be interested in collaborating on.

Pass the paper… and so on…


Homework

Read Macrorie “Cutting wasted words”

Write: Final draft of  Project Two including personal reflection posted to SafeAssign via Blackboard by 11:59 pm Wednesday, 10/1/14.

Multimedia presentation to be finalized before class on Thursday, 10/2/14. Place it or a link to it on your blog.

 

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3050 Session Nine: Project Two Peer Review 9-30-14

On Tap for Today:



Let’s take a look at what you’re proposing.

  1. Briefly scan the document you currently have and see if it is a recognizable variant of the superstructure for proposals as described on p. 487 of Technical Communications.
  2. Does the document clearly articulate WHO is involved in the communication? Creators? Primary audience (not me)? Help the writers pinpoint a precise reader within an organization.
  3. Does the document clearly indicate WHAT will be studied?  By writing questions on the document, suggest appropriate background or contextual information the “Problem” section may benefit from. Does the “Methods” section detail specific research methods? Suggest at least one more.
  4. Comment on how persuasive the writers are in their “Qualifications” section.  Indicate whether you feel they adequately prove they are capable of performing the proposed research and/or implement a suggested solution.
  5. Comment on whether you feel the schedule strikes an appropriate balance between ambition and pragmatism or leans heavily towards one end of the spectrum or another.
  6. Are the criteria indicated applicable to the project proposed. Suggest criteria that the writers may not have considered for evaluating potential solutions.

Writing How-To Documents

What Makes Instruction Documents Good?

https://i2.wp.com/www.powerclibook.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/DeathStar.png

 

  • Knowing your audience or user group

 

In the case of your projects, it would likely be best to seek advice from the members who most fit the bill of your project’s likely user (i.e., the one who does not already know how to do the process but who might be interested in learning it).

 

  • Including an overview of procedures

 

Given the knowledge base we are contributing to (wikiHow), your overview will likely be most important as an opportunity to let a reader know if the tutorial is “right for them” – you should target their potential interest but also be open about the relative difficulty or ease of the project (consider, for example, the entry on How to Migrate to Open Source Software; for a negative example, see How To Cheat on a Test). Sections on such items as necessary materials (“Things You’ll Need” and/or “Ingredients”) and possible risks (“Warnings”) are integrated into wikiHow‘s format, so you can include that information in those places rather than in the overview.

 

  • Writing Usable Steps

 

Key strategies for composing usable steps in a how-to is include dividing each action into its own step, using chronological order, and putting your statements in the imperative (see the entry on How to Make a French Breakfast for imperative and non-imperative phrasings.)

 

  • Subdividing Processes

 

Dividing instructions into not only individual steps, but also subsections dedicated to smaller segments of the overall process (“chunking”), will make them more attractive to a potential user and more valuable once they are using them. Due to the format of our knowledge base, you might also be able to incorporate existing tutorials into your how-to. (Consider the subdivision that takes place in the tutorial on How To Paint the Interior of a House)

 

  • Illustrating Procedures

 

Illustrations might be a necessary tool for your instruction set, or they might just be useful as “eye relief” or an attention-getting device. You might, for instance, need to use screen shots if you are relating a software process (cf. How to Remove Windows Genuine Advantage Notifications or How To Rip a DVD with DVD Decrypter). If you are providing instructions that contain multiple physical manipulations, particularly ones that are very precise or may be unfamiliar to your reader, you might need to provide an image for all or most steps (cf. How To Fold a Towel Monkey). For both of these cases, you may use some combination of the three categorical text-visual relationships your text describes: supplementary, complimentary, or redundant. If your how-to does not necessarily need illustrations to make instructions clear to your reader, you might provide one or more “background” visuals to make the document more visually appealing (cf. How to Save a Wet Cell Phone, How to Cheat a Polygraph Test, or How to Flirt).

 

  • Doing Usability Testing

https://i0.wp.com/moviesblog.mtv.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/darthvaderwithkid.jpg

Usability testing is one of your easiest and most valuable ways to gauge the success of your how-to before its submission. I would recommend recruiting friends and family to try out your instructions in order to iron out any kinks.


Homework for Thursday 10/2

Read: This post; Ch. 17 “Revising Your Drafts” in TC; and  Macrorie “Cutting Wasted Words

Write: Final draft of Project Two, proposal memo due by 11:59 pm Thursday, October 2. Email a properly formatted word document to me and post a copy on a team member’s blog page devoted to Project Six documents.

Email a short (@ 150-300 words) memo detailing and defending your “rank-and-yank” ratings for Project Two.  Include your group’s decision made on your team charter. Remember, do not include yourself in the rankings.

Homework for Tuesday, 10/7

Read: Ch. 14 “Creating Reader-Centered Graphics” and Ch. 16 “Designing Reader-Centered Pages and Documents” in TC.

Write: Submit a short memo (@200-300 words) detailing for what you intend to provide instructions.  Indicate your topic, your interest in working on it, your qualifications for taking on the topic.

Quiz on Thursday 10/9 on ch. 14, 16, 17, 28 of TC

Ongoing: Final draft of Project Three is due by 11:59 on 10/21

Work on Project Six. Final draft is due 12/2

1020 Session Eight Analyze This! 9-25-14

On Tap Tonight:


The Analysis Essay Outline

 

https://i1.wp.com/www.openschool.bc.ca/courses/families10-12/fsp/images/essay_struct.jpg

I. Introduction with a strong thesis –

Your Introduction needs to have H.E.A.T

  • Hook-capture the reader’s attention
  • Exigence-create a need/desire to continue reading
  • Anticipation-provide a peek at what is to come in the body
  • Thesis – Project Two is largely driven by its thesis. Having a strong thesis statement (such as one that uses the “skeletal structure” we’ve covered in class) will  make it easier for you as a writer to keep your argument organized and for your readers to follow your argument’s structure.

A “skeletal structure” for the thesis will likely be some variation on the following:

 A = Author(s)

W = Work being analyzed

T = Thesis of that work

X, Y, Z, Q(etc.) = particular strategies used by Author(s) to support their thesis  and/or questions and problems that arise

Any variation of this formula will work.

eg.  “In W, A argues T through X, Y, Z” or “Through the use of  X, Y, Z, A argues T in W.“

Likewise, if you choose to analyze a genre from a specific discourse community, you may find that your thesis statement contains the following elements:

https://i0.wp.com/images.cjcarterdesigns.com/projects/skeleton1-jumbo.jpgG = Genre being analyzed

DC = Discourse community it is primarily found in

P =  Purpose the genre serves

X, Y, Z, Q(etc) = Specific features of the genre that serve the DC and/or questions or problems that arise

e.g. “The G helps DC by providing X, Y, Z in the pursuit of P.” or, “In order to P the DC uses G which features X, Y, Z.”

Building Blocks for Support Paragraphs: TED revisited.

You need basically three items in each support paragraph.

1. A transition that also serves as a topic sentence to open the paragraph. An easy way to segue into your new paragraph is to introduce the technique under review in relation the previous one. For instance, you might write:

  • (If the previous paragraph was on technique X, and the new one you are starting is on technique Y): “In addition to X, A spends considerable time relating Y.”
  • Or you might write something that weights the technique under review in comparison to others: “However, A’s strongest examples come by way of Y.”
  • Here’s one from the film reviewers analysis from The Wayne Writer: “Both authors discuss the plot, but write about it differently” (303).

2. You need sentences that provide examples of the technique under review in the paragraph. Effective use of quotations from, or paraphrases of, the text being analyzed will be valuable in this section.

3. Finally, you need to relate the examples back to the thesis of the text being analyzed. Doing so reminds the reader of the central argument of the text and how the technique you’re covering in this paragraph is, as you have stated, important to the forwarding of this argument. These types of sentences can conclude your paragraph or the can be woven into the paragraph.

Here’s the “examples” section of the paragraph from the film reviewers analysis from The Wayne Writer, with sentences that relate to the thesis in bold:

  • Geist felt that the movie was “a constantly surprising comedy which chronicles the thirty-year relationship of a mother and daughter and their wayward men.” He uses difficult vocabulary intended for the well-educated reader. For example, Geist writes, “Alone and fearful of reaching fifty, Aurora surrenders to her bibulous and lecherous neighbor, Garret, a former astronaut, whom she had previously disdained as uncouth.” When discussing the story, Geist gave away too much to the reader. He stated that Emma became infected with cancer and eventually died. When Schickel explained the same part in the story, he did not completely give the story away. Instead of saying that Emma has cancer he refers to it as “Emma’s illness.” He never states that she dies.

All of these “concluding” sentences illustrate the different writing styles of the two film reviewers as stated in the essay writer’s thesis. They may also work to show how the example described in the sentence that preceded it were effective and/or how it forwards the central argument of the work being analyzed.

Check your support paragraph with the following criteria for evaluation:

  • How effectively does the first (“topic”) sentence of the paragraph set up the rest of the paragraph?
  • Are appropriate/effective examples drawn from the text? Do these examples fit into one of the categories/techniques identifed in the thesis?
  • Does the paragraph as a whole fit together cohesively?

A sample outline for the written part of Project Two could look something like this:

  1. Introduction and background info (1-2 paragraphs)
    1. Hook–make the reader want to read! Start with something exciting about the piece you will be analyzing;
    2. Exigence–explain why the reader should care about your analysis by explaining background info about your selected work and discuss what is at stake;
    3. Anticipation–provide some hint of what is  in store for the reader by explaining what you are analyzing; often this is performed in conjunction with…
    4. THESIS — should be along the lines of how the specific rhetorical strategies and/or elements of the work affect its audience
  2. Body Paragraphs (as many as you need) should all have:
    1. Topic Sentence (also works as a transition)
    2. Claim
    3. Evidence
    4. Analysis
    5. Always refers back to the THESIS
  3. Conclusion
    1. Revisit your thesis in some manner.  DO NOT CUT AND PASTE it from your introduction.  Show how your analysis prove (or disprove) how rhetorical elements of the work produce the effects you claim.
    2. Wrap things up.

Use this analysis checklist to make sure you have all the essential elements.


Homework: Write analysis essay. Create multimedia project.

Bring two printed copies of your analysis (without personal reflection) to class on Tuesday for peer review. Essay to be uploaded to SafeAssign via Blackboard by 11:59 pm on Wednesday 10/1/14.

Presentation to be finalized before class on Thursday, 10/2/14. Place it or a link to it on your blog.

Read: Macrorie I-Search Ch 6  AND Postman and Weingartner

 

3050 Session Eight: Proposal Memo Sections 9-25-14

Today’s Agenda:


So you think you have a problem?

https://i2.wp.com/www.nerdist.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Death-Star-FEAT.png

Group workshop on creating viable research questions.

Take some time with your group to perform the following exercise:

  1. Take a few minutes to brainstorm a list of key words about your topic.  What do people debate about it? What do you find most compelling about it?
  2. Write at least one question that could be raised about your issue that starts https://i1.wp.com/www.scribewise.com/Portals/202647/images/Better%20Questions.jpgwith each of the following words: who, what, when, where, how, why, should, would. In other words, you need to come up with eight (8) questions total.
  3. Answer the following:
    • What is your ultimate goal in writing about this topic? Are you informing? Defining? Evaluating or comparing? Proposing a solution?
    • Who is your audience? What will they be interested about your topic?
  4. Eliminate the questions from step 2 that do not fit your goal or audience.
  5. Of the questions that remain identify the most compelling.  Which is the most interesting?
  • Extra nuances to create open-ended questions:
    • Use a phrase such as “To what extent…” “What are the effects…” “What would happen if…
    • Combine two of your original eight questions.

Finally, you may wish to consider other prewriting strategies such as:

  • cluster mapping

Sample Cluster Map

  • Freewritinghttps://i0.wp.com/www.library.dmu.ac.uk/Images/free_writing.gif

The Proposal Memo (Project Two)

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The first step toward the decision making report is to draft a short (two to three page) memo (in standard memo format) that will use the superstucture on p. 487 of Technical Communication to provide the following details:

  1. Who is going to undertake this research?
  2. Who will the final report be addressed to (i.e., who has the power to implement your solution)?
  3. What is the problem you are going to examine?
  4. What kind of research do you think this problem will necessitate?
  5. Why have you chosen this project (does it relate to your major, other course work, a personal interest, etc.)?
  6. What kind of format do you see the final report following (feasibility study, cause-effect analysis, comparative study, etc.)?
  7. What is your schedule for completing this project?
  8. What kind of criteria will be involved in making your final recommendation?

Section-by-section advice:

  1. Who are you?
    • Include all team members’ names in the “From” entry.
  2. Eventual Primary Audience:
    • Identify the planned recipient of the final report (Project Six) being proposed in this memo (question #2 above); although Project Two is addressed to me, the final project will be written with your chosen organization’s “decision-maker(s)” in mind and you need to know this information in advance both to plan your research strategy and identify appropriate criteria.
  3. The Problem Section
    • Don’t forget that the proposal memo is addressed to me (though I may not be the “primary audience” for whom you are writing). Although presumably relevant details, field terminology, and “industry jargon” will be familiar to your eventual audience, you may need to provide appropriate background for me at this stage in the project. That might require adding an additional “background” section preceding the problem statement section, or including an “overview” (see the overview in this previous student proposal, for instance).
  4. The Research Methods Section:
    • Your research section should detail, as specifically as possible, the types of research you will need to undertake to produce the final report. These items may include:
      • interviewing (relevant parties such employees, management and other stakeholders);
      • reading existing research on the problem (e.g., if your problem involves improving morale or motivating the member of a committee, you would do well to read the current literature on these issues in professional journals and trade magazines),studying the ways this problem has been approached/solved by other organizations;
      • analyzing data generated in research (see the analysis mentioned in this sample);
      • calculating potential costs and benefits (both in dollars and more generally); and/or
      • comparing/testing various possible solutions or components of possible solutions.
  5. Qualifications Section:
    • Question #5 above asks you to indicate (this information could alternately appear in your problem statement) why this particular project was chosen.List all of the qualities held by one or more team member that will aid in the completion of the project. Items listed under qualifications might include:
      • Previous experience with a similar problem;
      • Familiarity with organization and available access to its members;
      • Relevance to  field of study; and
      • Any “special skills” that make team members particularly prepared for taking on such a project.
    • Remember: the qualifications component of the proposal memo is meant to make the reader (me) feel confident that you have chosen a project that you are qualified to research and solve.
  6. Eventual Formats:
    • Although your project may take unexpected turns during its research phase, at its “proposal point,” you should have at least a working notion of what final format the final project will take (question #6 above). A cause-effect analysis is a report that identifies why a problem is occurring and suggests a solution. A feasibility study analyzes whether a proposed course of action, or multiple possible courses of action, are possible. A comparative study presents research comparing two or more possible courses of action.
  7. Schedule Section:
    • Writing the schedule section will allow you to do some upfront planning of how to distribute the the workload between team members and throughout the semester. It is presumed, of course, that your schedule (or, perhaps more precisely, your success at keeping to this schedule) may change throughout the semester due to unexpected events. Keep in mind, however, that when I ask you to write progress reports for your semester-long project, I am primarily asking after whether or not you are making adequate progress in your schedule.
    • Strike a balance between pragmatic and ambitious.
  8. Criteria Question
    • The most common misstep with the criteria section of the Proposal Memo is a lack of specificity in identifying the criteria you will use to evaluate potential solutions.
      • Technical criteria (those that relate to basic questions of feasibility)
      • Managerial criteria (those that relate to the quotidian operations of the organization)
      • Social criteria (those that relate to values and the impact of possible solutions on stakeholders)

      Here’s a great example of a criteria section that includes specific details. https://i2.wp.com/www.arcplan.com/en/blog/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/collaborative-bi-solution-criteria.jpg

    • The Proposal is due by 11:59 pm Tuesday, September 30. It is worth 150 points, roughly 15% of the semester grade. Email a properly formatted word document to me and post a copy on a team member’s blog page devoted to Project Six documents.

HOMEWORK for Tuesday, 9/30/14

Write: Project Two.  Bring two printed copies to class on Tuesday.

Read: Project Three description and ch. 28 of Technical Communications. “Writing Reader-Centered Instructions”
Register for WikiHow and click around the site.  Be sure to peruse their page of requested topics to generate ideas for your instruction set.

Begin working on Project Six.  This is an ongoing assignment that you should work on throughout the remainder of the semester.

1020 Session Seven: Collaboration 9-18-14

Today’s Agenda:


Project Two

This project is two-fold.  You will work with one or two partners on an analysis of a piece of discourse you find rhetorically interesting.  Your analysis needs to be:

  1. written and each partner will submit to SafeAssign; and
  2. made into a presentation.

The written portion, in turn, will have two components:

  1. The collaboratively written analysis.
  2. Your personal reflection on the act of creating the presentation and working with a partner(s).

The presentation  needs to be multimedia and delivered to the class. It should last 5-10 minutes.  Ideally, your analysis should be delivered orally (you can use the written analysis as a script) enhanced and accompanied by multimedia.

https://i1.wp.com/www.quickmeme.com/img/ef/eff7bea2bfbbd848cdb5851dbe54e70f2839be387ace236010628c6ddf04aae6.jpg


 Two Issues about Project Two:

  1. How are you going to work on it?

  2. What are you going to work on?

Three primary models of collaboration are:

  • The Round Table

https://stablerenglish.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/f6371-37109chb-37110chb-37111chb-38247-instl.jpg?w=274&h=206Pros: Quick sharing of ideas among team members; Real time debate of pros and cons of project.

Cons: Difficult to schedule time to meet; Difficult to control input if there is only one keyboard operator; Can produce conflict that impedes production.

Most effective for brainstorming, task scheduling and progress reporting.

  • Divide-and-Conquer

https://i1.wp.com/www.hermanmiller.com/content/dam/hermanmiller/page_assets/why_digital/articles/modes_of_work/WHY_ModesOfWork_08.jpg

Pros: Assigned task can be completed in the least amount of time.

Cons: Minimal collaboration; Difficult to recover if a task is not completed by a team member; Inconsistencies in tone and style; Replications or gaps in final product

Most effective for small, specific tasks that are part of a larger project.

  • Layered Approach

https://i1.wp.com/www.policyexchange.org.uk/cache/com_zoo/images/competition%20meets%20collaboration%20static%20showcase_eb2a84690e40d7f80b7ee5b6a3c895f8.jpg

Pros: Each member has multiple opportunities to provide input, critique, and revise; More motivation due to ownership of the project; Similar to professional workplace collaboration

Cons: Different roles may create inequalities; Requires thoughtful and careful planning.

Most effective for drafting and revising tasks.

Topics for Project Two

Between you and your partner(s), if you have completed all the homework due up to this point in the semester, have already looked at numerous pieces of discourse. These include:

  • Blogs and “About Me” pages
  • Comparing two websites after reading ch. 2 of WW
  • A sample from your courses (which you were asked to bring in tonight)

In other words, you’ve already been exposed to a variety of genre and samples of discourse.  Your first task, tonight, is to find a partner or two with whom you wish to work and compare your genre analysis notes about the samples of discourse you brought with you.

You may write an analysis on anything you have already encountered in classwork or any new piece of discourse including advertisements, television networks or shows, documentaries, music videos, textbooks or other non-fiction. Choose wisely.  Use the following Venn diagram as a guide:

https://i1.wp.com/sixminutes.dlugan.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/venn-select-speech-topics.jpg

Whatever you decide to write on, keep your analysis grounded in the rhetorical situation.

Thesis statements for Project Two

Thesis statements for rhetorical analyses are a bit tricky. The central argument of the piece you are analyzing is its thesis. Your thesis, however, will be an argument about how that that thesis is made and supported.

A “skeletal structure” for the thesis will likely be some variation on the following:

 

A = Author(s)

W = Work being analyzed

T = Thesis of that work

X, Y, Z, Q(etc.) = particular strategies used by Author(s) to support their thesis  and/or questions and problems that arise

Any variation of this formula will work.

eg.  “In W, A argues T through X, Y, Z” or “Through the use of  X, Y, Z, A argues T in W.

Likewise, if you choose to analyze a genre from a specific discourse community, you may find that your thesis statement contains the following elements:

https://i0.wp.com/images.cjcarterdesigns.com/projects/skeleton1-jumbo.jpgG = Genre being analyzed

DC = Discourse community it is primarily found in

P =  Purpose the genre serves

X, Y, Z, Q(etc) = Specific features of the genre that serve the DC and/or questions or problems that arise

e.g. “The G helps DC by providing X, Y, Z in the pursuit of P.” or, “In order to P the DC uses G which features X, Y, Z.”


Homework:

Read:

Handout on an analysis of Comic images.

Weasel Words essay

Wayne Writer

“Analysis” and “Analyzing Media” from the “Introduction” to . pp. li-lxv.

Ch. 9 pp. 299-311 and and 337-355

Write:

Post on your blog a short response (@300 words) to “Writing Activity 9.9” on p. 351-2 of WW

3050 Session Seven: Project One Wrap-up and Teamwork 9-18-14

On Tap Today:


Hey you! Yeah, you! The team member that got “yanked”! You may be interested in this…

Vader not impressed

As we discussed, every one of these submissions could be improved.  Wikipedia submission or citation issues, formatting (links, graphics), and content issues can all be fixed. So, for a chance to redeem yourselves in my eyes, and to score a few bonus points (enough to significantly alter your final grade on the project, and perhaps the class) perform some sort of correction by 11:59 pm Thursday, 9/25. If you suspect that you may be the team member that was “yanked” (lost a point due to the evaluations of your peers) you may want to seriously consider this offer.

Teamwork Talk

As you may have discovered, there are multiple ways of working well (or not) together.

Three primary models are:

  • The Round Table

https://stablerenglish.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/f6371-37109chb-37110chb-37111chb-38247-instl.jpgPros: Quick sharing of ideas among team members; Real time debate of pros and cons of project.

Cons: Difficult to schedule time to meet; Difficult to control input if there is only one keyboard operator; Can produce conflict that impedes production.

Most effective for brainstorming, task scheduling and progress reporting.

  • Divide-and-Conquer

https://i1.wp.com/www.hermanmiller.com/content/dam/hermanmiller/page_assets/why_digital/articles/modes_of_work/WHY_ModesOfWork_08.jpg

Pros: Assigned task can be completed in the least amount of time.

Cons: Minimal collaboration; Difficult to recover if a task is not completed by a team member; Inconsistencies in tone and style; Replications or gaps in final product

Most effective for small, specific tasks that are part of a larger project.

  • Layered Approach

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Pros: Each member has multiple opportunities to provide input, critique, and revise; More motivation due to ownership of the project; Similar to professional workplace collaboration

Cons: Different roles may create inequalities; Requires thoughtful and careful planning.

Most effective for drafting and revising tasks.

Team Charters:

Before work can truly begin on Project Two (and Six), even before you decide on a research problem, it would be helpful to know how your team will plan to work.  With your group mates, develop a team charter.  Address the following points:

  1. Overall, broad team goals for the project
  2. Measurable, specific team goals
  3. Personal goals
  4. Individual level of commitment to the project
  5. Other factors that might affect the project
  6. Statement of how the team will resolve impasses
  7. Statement of how the team will handle missed deadlines
  8. Statement of what constitutes unacceptable work and how the team will handle this
  9. Decision on “rank-and-yank” (will you only “rank”, only “yank”, or do both?)

Homework:

Read Handout on Team Writing

Project Two Page and Examples

Write: “Apply Your Expertise” #3 on p.  409 by tonight, 9/18 Write a memo (300 words) to your teammates in response to “Apply Your Expertise” #3.  Consider your execution of Project One and suggest three ways your team can improve productivity heading into Projects Two and Six.  Persuasively explain each suggestion.

Team Charter. Memo format from the team to me. Post it on a team blog page and email the link to me. Print and have all team members sign/initial a copy to be retained by me. by Tuesday 9/23

1020 Session Six: Genre and Rhetoric 9/16/14

On Tap Today:

  • About your “About” pages and grading.
  • Tying up loose ends

Post Project Reflection:

We’ll start class today with a reflection about your reading and writing practices. Think through and write about the following ideas on your blog or in your notebook (you can work through them in whatever order makes sense to you):

  • What do I read on a regular basis? Include reading for school and pleasure.
  • What do I like to read?
  • Where do I read best?
  • Where or when is reading hard for me?
  • What is something new I have learned about reading since starting this semester (in any of my classes)?
    • Why was reading this information or reading this way important to me/to my learning?
  • What is something new I have learned about writing since starting this semester (in any of my classes)?
    • How will this information impact me or my learning?

graded document

graded document 1

 

Let’s connect all the dots between Gee, Swales, and the Wayne Writer.

https://i1.wp.com/corebix.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Connecting-SharePoint-Dots.jpg

And take a more in-depth look at genre.

https://i1.wp.com/www.norris160.org/sites/default/files/page_images/3/eng-1020_0.jpg

Finally (time permitting), let’s take a closer look at the concept of the rhetorical situation.

Homework:

Read in WW and ch 7 pp216-229 AND ch. 8 pp. 253-266 and 283-296.

Write: Writing Project 8.4 on p. 295.  You will be using the information in Box 7.1 on p. 229 to analyze an academic genre from one of your classes.  This may be a textbook, an assignment sheet, or a website.  Bullet points are fine.  Handwrite or print out to bring to class on Thursday along with the item you are analyzing. We will work in small groups to compare analyses and prepare a final analysis.

3050 Session Six: Starting Project Two 9/16/14

On Tap Today:

https://i0.wp.com/fc02.deviantart.net/fs71/f/2013/325/e/c/death_stars_by_unusualsuspex-d6v3nga.jpg

REMINDERS:

Project One  is due by 11:59 pm Tuesday, 9/16/14:

Post to Wikipedia (or other knowledgebase) and provide a copy of the text with a link to the Wikipedia entry (see an example here). Provide “before” and “after” screenshots as linked files with your references on your team blog page.

Send me an email by 11:59 pm Thursday, 9/18/14

Every team member will be responsible for an email that includes the name of your team and a numbered ranking of your teammates. Numbers are based on the number of people in your team excluding yourself (you will not rank your own contributions). The highest number should be assigned to the person who you felt turned in the best performance while working on this project (e.g., if your team has five members, in this ranking the highest number will be four).

The teammate with the “highest” score will receive a bonus point. Likewise, the teammate with the lowest score will lose a point from their grade for this project.


Project Two and Project Six

Project Two: Audiences and Contexts

Choosing an Organization

Project Two requires you to devote a significant amount of time and work toward researching the processes of a particular organization. It also requires you to be in contact with the “decision-maker” for your particular objective (i.e., the individual or individuals who have the power to consider and/or implement the recommendation you will make in Project Six). As such, the organization you choose for the project should be one that you belong to or at least one with which you have some familiarity/contact. Likely candidates include:

  • An organization that you belong to (such as the one that employs you or the one that you volunteer for)
  • An organization containing one or more members that you have contacts with (such as a business run by a family member or that employs a family member) (e.g., the former student projects involving a cabinet-building company and a dental file manufacturer)
  • Some segment of the University, including student groups (e.g., the previous project on creating a wireless campus at Wayne State or refashioning student government at WSU)
 Choosing a Problem

https://i2.wp.com/www.bellajack.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Whats-the-problem-cube1.jpg

You may already be aware of a problem facing the organization you choose, or you may query a representative of the organization in regards to what problem they would like assistance with. In any case, the problem should be one that requires technical or professional communication as a tool of analysis or even possible solution (i.e., the problem you identify might be a breakdown in communication, but whatever the problem is, you will use technical and professional communication both to obtain information and present recommendations to your decision-maker).

Analyzing Problems

Types of Problems

The easiest problems to identify are the ones that are significantly hindering an organization or stopping it from achieving its goals. However, the problem you identify might be also be one revolving around possible opportunities or the need to decide on future actions. The following are the three primary problem categories that you might use to brainstorm:

  • Problems in functioning, wherein there is “conflict, discrepancy, or inconsistency between an actual or existing situation and the ideal situation” or goal.
  • A problem of “potential missed opportunity” in which an organization need to figure out how to maximize productivity. For instance, a “company doing well in its present operations may see the possibility for expansion.”
  • Similarly, an organization may simply be faced with a decision that that they are having difficulty making (for instance, which operating system the should choose when updating their IT); in this scenario, you might offer to do the research and evaluation needed to make this decision.
The Problems of Problems (Criteria and Research Methods)

Organizational problems that require decision-making reports are often social in nature and ill-defined – this is what makes them “worthy” of formal attention.

As such, there will likely be many possible solutions to the problem and you need to figure out how to evaluate multiple solutions using three types of criteria:

  • Technical criteria (those that relate to basic questions of feasiblity)
  • Managerial criteria (those that relate to the quotidian operations of the organization)
  • Social criteria (those that relate to values and the impact of possible solutions on stakeholders)

Below are examples of criteria used when considering remodeling a school library.

These criteria, as well as the general dimensions of the project you are taking up will drive your selection of research methods (e.g., as in the chart below reproduced from our reading):

As show above, criteria based on concerns over size, structure, access, displacement effects, and cost led to such research methods as interviews, site inspections, stakeholder surveys, and professional consultations


Our Itinerary

Steps in the Project

The work leading up the Recommendation Report will take place in three sequences, starting with Project Two, continuing with progress reports, and ending with Project Six. The actions for each of these sequences are listed below:

 Initial Objectives (for Proposal Memo)
  • Defining the Problem
  • Identifying Research Questions
  • Establishing Research Methods
  • Establishing Selection Criteria
  • Establishing a Schedule for Conducting Research and Composing the Final Report
Intermediate Objectives (for Progress Reports)
  • Forecasting Possible Solutions
  • Researching and Interpreting Information
  • Adjusting Existing Schedules
Final Objectives (for Final Report)
  • Presenting Research
  • Identifying Feasible Solutions
  • Applying Criteria
  • Making a Recommendation

Homework:

Project One is due by 11:59 pm. Post to Wikipedia and your blog. Provide screenshots on your blog of the changes made in Wikipedia.

Email rankings (excluding yourself) are due by 11:59 pm Thursday, 9/18.

Read TC, ch. 19.

Write a memo (300 words) to your teammates in response to “Apply Your Expertise” #3.  Consider your execution of Project One and suggest three ways your team can improve productivity heading into Projects Two and Six.  Persuasively explain each suggestion.

1020 Session Five: Project One Review 9/11/14

On Tap Today:

What should your About Me page look like? Let’s take a look at mine.

Common Student Problems with Project One (and common strategies to avoid them):

The Procrastination Situation:
  • You decide to wait until Sunday morning to familiarize yourself with WordPress’ markup language and editing procedures, only to discover that they are a bit more complicate than you anticipated and are thus forced to watch, teary-eyed, as the midnight deadline rolls past you like a giant boulder crushing your dreams of academic success.
    • Pro-tip: Play with WordPress. You should have already created two posts, a response to Gee and a blog evaluation.
The Transition and Punctuation Situation:
  • You compile your facts and evidence about your life from various class activities and blog posts. Confidently, you decide at 11:34pm on Sunday to simply cut-and-paste all of that together only to proofread and discover that it is a bunch of gobbledygook that makes no sense on paragraph or sentence levels.
    • Pro-tip: Perform common editing/spell check functions in a word processor you are familiar with then export to WordPress.
The Illustration Situation:

Peer Review

In our classroom discourse, one of the key practices is peer response, or the reading of and responding to each other’s written work in order to help each other improve.

Here are some key principles to keep in mind while you work through this task:

  • Talk to each other about what you hope to get feedback on.
  • Read your groupmates’ texts (maybe even more than once!).
  • Devote time and attention to the task of giving feedback.
  • Write comments neatly and legibly. Above all else, be respectful of each other.

We will work in groups of three to five people. Pass your paper to a teammate.

  •   As the first reader, I want you to comment, in writing, on the opening line and introduction.
    1. What is your reaction to the opening? What is the tone and style? Is it appropriate for the genre of “About Me” pages?
    2. Does the opening sentence lead well into an expanded narrative/autobiographical sketch of the  blogger?
    3. Comment on what is not working in the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    4. Comment on what is working well in the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
  • Pass the papers around again. As the second reader, first comment to #1 above.  Mostly, though, I want you to identify a passage that describes the blogger’s primary Discourse.
    1. Is there an appropriate transition into this section?
    2. Comment on what is not working in that section of the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    3. Comment on what is working well in the that section of the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
  • Pass the papers around again (skipping the writer if necessary) .  As the third reader, comment to #1 above.  Mostly, though, I want you to identify a passage that describes the blogger’s secondary Discourse.
    1. Is there an appropriate transition into this section?
    2. Comment on what is not working in that section of the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    3. Comment on what is working well in the that section of the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
  • Pass the papers around again (skipping the writer if necessary) .  As the fourth reader, comment to #1 above.  Mostly, though, I want you to identify a passage that describes the blogger’s writing experience.
    1. Is there an appropriate transition into this section?
    2. Comment on what is not working in that section of the text–what is missing? What is confusing?
    3. Comment on what is working well in the that section of the text–what do you like? What is interesting? What is written really strongly?
    4. Does the blogger come to an adequate conclusion?
  • Hand the paper back to the writer, smile, and pay them a nice compliment about their shoes, hair or whatever.

https://i2.wp.com/jerryrushing.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/deadline.jpg

Homework:

Project One is due by 11:59pm Sunday, 9/14/14.  Update your “About Me” page on your WordPress site and upload a copy to SafeAssign via Blackboard.

Reading: Read Wayne Writer Ch. 2 and the Project Two page.

Writing due before class on Tuesday 9/16: Post 3: Follow directions for Writing Activities 2.1 and 2.5 in The Wayne Writer, Ch. 2. Post your response on your blog under an appropriate title